Second Lieutenant Haydn Scarborough

A white circle with a glove crossing it's fingers and the words: Made Possible with Heritage Fund.This man is a candidate for addition to Keighley's Supplementary Volume under the proposal to add further names in 2024, the centenary of the original roll of honour.
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Supported by the National Lottery's Heritage Fund, our project intends to submit about 120 names for peer review to add them to the book which is kept at Keighley Library. The unveiling of the book with it's new names is planned for November 2024, 100 years after the unveiling of the original war memorial.


Second Lieutenant. Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire) Regiment.

Previously Private, 12th Battalion, York & Lancaster Regiment (Sheffield Pals.) Service number 12/773. Then with the 10th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment, Service number 43418 before his commission.

A black and white portrait photo of a British Army officer facing the camera

2nd Lieutenant Haydn Scarborough

Early life:

Haydn was born in 1892, his birth was registered in Keighley in the third quarter of that year. He was the fourth son of David Scarborough and Sarah Scarborough née Parker, who were married in 1877. David was a joiner by trade.

In the 1901 census Haydn was eight years of age and was a scholar at Haworth Council School.
In the 1901 census, the family members were:
David Scarborough, aged 48 and Sarah Scarborough also aged 48. They had nine children.
These were four daughters: Martha A. aged 23, a cloth minder; Miriam aged 18, a cloth warper; Sarah E. aged 16, a worsted spinner; Edna Mary aged just four.
Their two eldest sons were: Gladstone aged 21, a cloth warper; Abraham E. aged 13, a worsted spinner and the three youngest sons (who would all be scholars at Haworth Council School) were Jubal aged eleven, Hayden aged eight and Handel aged six.

In 1904 a tragedy hit the family when Edna Mary died on 8th September 1904, aged eight.

Haydn did well academically and achieved a number of successes over the years:

Bingley Chronicle Friday 31st August 1906:

Examination results. Haworth Central Art Class.
Freehand in outline - Second class certificate awarded to Haydn Scarborough.

Bingley Chronicle Friday 12th April 1907:

Keighley and District Sunday School Union.
Prizes and certificates were distributed for the recent scholar's scriptures examination.
A First Class certificate was awarded to Haydn Scarborough at Haworth West Lane Baptist School

Haydn also did well at Haworth Council School and was the recipient of a Scott Scholarship. This enabled him to attend Keighley Boys Grammar School, which he did from the age of twelve in 1904, to the age of seventeen in 1909. He then went on to attend Leeds Training College to become a teacher. In the 1911 census he was a 'Student in Training for Teacher' and a boarder along with 27 others, at Buckingham House on Headingly Lane in Leeds. He trained at the new City of Leeds Teacher Training College at Kirkstall Grange in Beckett Park, Leeds, which was just over a mile away from where he was boarding. The College is now the Leeds Beckett University - Headingley Campus.

After completing his teacher training, he secured an appointment as an Assistant Teacher at Hammerton Street Senior Mixed School in Sheffield and taught there until the war.
Note: Hammerton Street was renamed to Ouseburn Street and the school building still exists, but has more recently undergone significant renovation work, having been disused for many years.

His father David died 27th June 1915 aged 62 years.

War service:

When war broke out Haydn was working at the school in Sheffield and he joined as a Private with the Sheffield Pals. These eventually became known as the 12th (Service) Battalion of the York and Lancaster Regiment.
After a long period serving in the UK, they went overseas to defend a section of the Suez Canal in early 1916,
before being sent to Marseilles and the Somme region in time for the beginning of the Battle of the Somme.
Haydn was wounded close to the shoulder when they were in France.


Haydn wrote home and part of his letter was printed in the newspaper:

Sheffield Daily Telegraph. Saturday 5th August 1916. A TEACHER'S TRIBUTE.
Writing to his mother and sisters at Nether Edge, Private Haydn Scarborough, who was formerly a teacher under the Sheffield Education Committee under an East End school, gives an account of the recent attack through which he was fortunate enough to come through with a slight wound near the shoulder.
He says: "At present we are well behind the line amidst glorious country scenery. The fruit (apple and pear trees are laden) is just beginning to ripen, while the hedgerows and gardens are a mass of blazing colours. Everything in nature is in it's most gorgeous period, a smiling sun adding to it's perfection. Only man seems capable of destroying nature's charms and causing sadness and despondency when nature is radiant with smiles and beauty. What lessons we ought to learn from nature!
No doubt England is thrilled with the constant news of successes to our arms. She ought not to forget in future years those who are accomplishing such feats, especially the dependants of those who have already laid down their lives.
Several of my chums have made the great sacrifice, grander lads I never wished to meet. The Romans, who believed with their orator that "Whom the Gods die young," could boast no finer spirit, such gallantry I never believed possible from human beings."


In late 1916 he was recommended for a commission and returned to the UK for training as an officer cadet and eventually given the rank of Second Lieutenant.
He returned to join his unit with the West Yorkshire Regiment.

London Gazette. War Office. 15th May 1917:

SPECIAL RESERVE OF OFFICERS.
The undermentioned, from Officer Cadet Unit, to be 2nd Lieutenants. 26th April 1917: -
West Yorkshire Regiment: Haydn Scarborough.

WO-95/1618/2: War diary entry of 1st Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment.

17/9/18:
Battalion attacked enemy positions East of HOLNON VILLAGE in conjunction with 11th Essex Regiment on the left and 2/59th French Regiment on the right, at 5.30 am. B and D Companies in front line, C Company in support, and A Company in reserve. B and D Companies suffered heavy casualties through intense machine gun fire from both flanks and very little news was obtained from the most forward elements of these two companies, who were reported by aeroplane to have obtained their objectives. Enemy were still present in HOLNON VILLAGE and 1 company of 2nd Durham Light Infantry were sent to mop up the VILLAGE at 8 pm. Battalion of 71st and 16th Infantry Brigades commenced to appear.
18/9/18:
71st and 16th Infantry Brigades attacked from objectives of previous day at 5.20 am. Battalion withdrew to position West of HOLNON WOOD.

Casualties for 16/17th:
Killed: 2nd Lt. Scarborough and 16 Other ranks.
Wounded: Captain L. P. Marshall MC, Captain R. A. Routley, Captain W. K. Marshall MC (not evacuated), 2nd Lt Pollard (not evacuated), 2nd Lt Cartlidge DCM, 2nd Lts Taylor, Milley, Mardon, Binns, Andoe, Wilcock DCM, Stansfield.
Missing: 2nd Lt Sowerby.
Other ranks: Wounded 119. Missing: 86.

Haydn was killed in action on 17th September 1918 whilst attached to the 1st Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment. He was 26 years old.

He is buried in grave 71 of row C in Trefcon British cemetery, Caulaincourt, Departement de l'Aisne, Picardie, France. His mother Sarah had the words: "THE BUGLE NOTE HAS SOUNDED AND THE KING HAS CLAIMED HIS OWN" inscribed on his headstone.

Wednesday 25th September 1918:

An identical announcement was made in the Leeds Mercury and the Halifax Evening Courier on the same date:
Sec. Lt. Haydn Scarborough, Bridgehouse Lane, Haworth, was killed in action a week ago. He was 26 years of age, and had three years record of active service. He was an "old boy" of the Keighley Trade and Grammar School.

Keighley News 28th September, 1918:

LOCAL WAR CASUALTIES.
Second Lieutenant HAYDN SCARBOROUGH (25), West Yorkshire Regiment, and fourth son of Mrs. Scarborough, of Bridgehouse Lane, Haworth, was killed in action on September 18. He was a scholar at the Haworth Council School, and won a Scott Scholarship to the Keighley Trade and Grammar School. After studying at the Leeds Training College he secured an appointment under the Sheffield Education Committee. He joined the Sheffield Pals' Battalion, and went out to Egypt in 1915. He was subsequently transferred to France, and was in considerable fighting. He was recommended for a commission on December, 1916. Three of his brothers have been in the Army, one having received his discharge.

Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 26th October 1918, page 3:

The latest additions to the educational roll of honour are: Second Lieut. Haydn Scarborough, West Yorks. Regt. late assistant teacher in the Hammerton Street Senior Mixed School, killed in action 17th September; Corporal Charles V. Pinder, late Craft Scholarship holder at the Technical School of Art, died of wounds, 28th September; Sergeant Stanley Clark, York and Lancaster Regiment, formerly clerk in the school attendance department, killed in action 25th August.


Keighlian Magazine. December 1919 issue:

HAYDN SCARBOROUGH. 2nd Lieut. West Yorkshire Regiment.
Haydn Scarborough came to School from Haworth, as the holder of a Scott Scholarship. He was with us as a pupil from 1904 to 1909. After leaving school, he studied at the Leeds Training College, and later secured an appointment under the Sheffield Education Committee. He enlisted in one of the Sheffield "Pals" Battalions about a month after hostilities commenced, and first saw active service in Egypt, being subsequently transferred to France, where he took part on the great Somme offensive; during this engagement he was slightly wounded. In December, 1916, his commanding officer recommended him for a commission. He returned to England, entered a cadet school, and in the examination later, was second on the list of 160 candidates.
He was killed on September 18th, 1918. Fine tributes have been paid to him as a soldier. They shew the high esteem and respect in which he was held by both officers and men. One of his own men, who was with him when he was killed, states that he passed away almost immediately without speaking. He writes, " Never a better officer could any soldier wish to have."
His Colonel also wrote, "Lieut. Scarborough was killed while gallantly leading his company into action. I cannot tell you how very deeply I and all my officers deplore the loss of such a splendid young officer, and such a fine leader of men. He was beloved by us all, and both in and out of action everyone had the greatest admiration for him. His cheerfulness under the most depressing conditions was most remarkable, and all his men looked up to him and were ready to go anywhere with him. His place will be hard to fill."
The Principal of the Leeds Training College wrote a very sympathetic letter, in which he stated, "Haydn was indeed a fine fellow, and left behind him at College a record of ability and sterling worth which will remain as an incentive to other students for a long time. Of the thousands of students who have passed through my hands, there are a few of whom I formed even as high an opinion."
Lieutenant Scarborough was only 26 at the time of his death. He is remembered as a quiet unassuming young man, content to do his duty for its own sake, without thought of praise. he was known to have a fine influence over the younger boys. The School is proud of such boys, and we deeply regret that such a promising career should be cut short by his early death. He was one of four brothers who joined the Forces, and the sympathy of both masters and boys is extended to the members of his family in their loss.


Post war:

Haydn was awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal for his war service. These were applied for by his mother on 21st February 1922 and appear to have arrived with her in August the same year.
She would have also received his personal effects plus the bronze war memorial plaque and King's certificate inscribed with Haydn's name.
As Haydn's next of kin, Sarah received his outstanding Army pay in amounts of £94 13s 0d on 24th February 1919; 11s 4d on 24th March 1919 and a war gratuity payment of £15 on 19th November 1919.
There appears to have been a dependant's pension awarded. A regular number of payments of either £4 or 7£7 were made on a monthly basis between 1918 and 1920.

A probate record (with a Will) shows that Sarah received Haydn's effects of £297 16s 7d on 24th December 1918.
Sarah was living at 17, Albert Terrace, Bridgehouse Lane, Haworth at this time.

Remembrance:

Haydn is name on Haworth War Memorial; Keighlian Magazine roll of honour for Keighley Boys Grammar School; Haworth war memorial board in Haworth Parish Church, City of Leeds Training College war memorial at Leeds Beckett University.

A pink granite square column gravestone with stepped base, inscribed with Scarborough Family names.

The Scarborough family grave, with an inscription dedicated to Haydn.

On the family grave in Haworth Cemetery on Penistone Hill above the village is the inscription: In ever loving memory of Haydn Scarborough, son of the above, 2nd Lieut. 3rd West Yorks. Reg., who was killed in action Sept. 17th 1918. aged 26 years.
"He died the noblest death a man may die, fighting for God & Right & Liberty and such a death is immortality."

Haydn's mother Sarah died on 17th June 1930 aged 78 years.

Information sources:

England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1837-1915
England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915
1901 England Census
1911 England Census
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Soldiers Died in the Great War
British Army World War I Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920
World War I Service Medal and Award Rolls, 1914-1920
World War I Pension Ledgers and Index Cards, 1914-1923
Army Registers of Soldiers' Effects, 1901-1929
England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1995
City of Leeds Training College war memorial situated at Leeds Beckett University, James Graham Building, Headingley Campus.
British Armed Forces, First World War Disability & Retirement Payments For Officers & Nurses
London Gazette 1665-2018
Gro War Death Army Officers Indices (1914 To 1921)
England & Wales Government Probate Death Index 1858-2019
England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1837-1915
England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-2007
England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1995
British Newspaper Archive
Bingley Chronicle
Sheffield Daily Telegraph
Leeds Mercury
Halifax Evening Courier
Keighley News archives at Keighley Library
Keighlian Magazine. December 1919
Haworth Cemetery on Penistone Hill

1 Response

  1. My great uncle.

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