Convoy and Hospital Work
Born on 24th March 1864, Samuel Clough was the fifth of eight children born to Thomas Clough, a worsted manufacturer from Keighley and Hannah Clough nee Dawson of Yeadon. He was baptised on 24th April at the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel in Keighley.
In 1871 the family lived at Barrows House in Steeton. By 1881 they had moved to 6 Jane Croft Street (The Shroggs) in Steeton. Samuel was 17, and described as a worsted manufacturer's son.
Still living with his parents at the time of the 1891 census, Samuel was by then also a worsted spinner and manufacturer. He married later in the year, to Martha Mitchell Hattersley.
They had three children - Samuel Hattersley (1893-1974), Edwin Hattersley (1897-1897) and Dorothy Hattersley (1900-1981).
In 1901 the family lived at Barrows House, I assume this was passed to them by Samuel's father. Samuel was still a worsted spinner and manufacturer. A cook and nurse housemaid also lived at this address. In 1904 Samuel purchased Steeton Hall. He served for four years as President of Keighley's Chamber of Commerce and was the town's Mayor from 1910-1912.
In 1911 Samuel, Martha and Dorothy were living at Steeton Hall, Samuel was now described as 'Stuff manufacturer of dress goods'. Four staff lived with them - a governess from Germany and three housemaids.
Samuel's VAD record has him undertaking convoy and hospital work. In addition, he spent a long period as Chief Superintendent of the Keighley Corps of the St. John’s Ambulance Brigade. Martha also worked in general service as a VAD. In 1919 Samuel donated the War Memorial and Memorial Garden in Steeton, on what had been the drive of Steeton Hall. When Samuel died in 1935 he left £1,000 for the continuing upkeep of the war memorial and gardens. During the Second World War an air-raid shelter was constructed in the memorial gardens, and in 1948 a further plaque was unveiled on the War Memorial to commemorate the nine men who gave their lives in the Second World War.
The family continued to live at Steeton Hall, though may have spent time in London as the 1928 electoral register shows Samuel and Martha registered at a property in Bassishaw, though their abode was still documented as Steeton Hall.
Samuel died in 1935. Of his and Martha's children, Dorothy did not marry. There is a notation on the 1939 Register for her - "ARP First Aid.... Skipton" which suggests she volunteered during the Second World War, as her parents had done in the First World War. Their son Samuel served as a Captain with 1/6th West Riding Regiment during the First World War, earning the Victory, British War, Star and Silver War Medals.
Martha died on 19th June 1942. Dorothy remained at Steeton Hall until her death in 1981 and it left the Clough family, becoming a hotel.
England and Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915
West Yorkshire, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1935
UK, WW1 Pension Ledgers and Index Cards, 1914-1923
1871 England Census
1881 England Census
1901 England Census
1911 England Census
1939 England and Wales Register
West Yorkshire, England, Electoral Registers, 1840-1962
London, England, Electoral Registers, 1832-1965
Mayor Sam Clough - King's coronation mug on KDLHS Flickr
George Hattersley and Sons - Graces Guide